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Header Images: Opilionid by Joe Warfel, Lynx Spider by Brian Reynolds, Lasiochernes cretonatus Pseudoscorpion by Anonymous.

Journal of Arachnology (JoA)

The Journal of Arachnology (ISSN 0160-8202), is a publication devoted to the study of Arachnida. It is published three times each year by the American Arachnological Society. Subscriptions accompany society membership or may be purchased by institutions. Learn about Membership here.

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Instructions to Authors

Revised October 2015

General: The Journal of Arachnology publishes scientific articles reporting novel and significant observations and data regarding any aspect of the biology of arachnid groups. Articles must be scientifically rigorous and report substantially new information. Submissions that are overly narrow in focus (e.g., local faunal lists, descriptions of a second sex or of a single species without additional discussion of the significance of this information), have poorly substantiated observational data, or that present no new information will not be considered. Book reviews will not be published.

Manuscripts must be in English and should be prepared in general accordance with the current edition of the Council of Biological Editors Style Manual unless instructed otherwise
below. Use the active voice throughout. Authors should consult a recent issue of the Journal of Arachnology for additional points of style. Manuscripts longer than three printed journal pages (12 or more double-spaced manuscript pages) should be prepared as Feature Articles, shorter papers as Short Communications. Review Articles will be published from time to time. Suggestions for review articles may be sent to the Managing Editor. Unsolicited review articles are also welcomed. All review articles will be subject to the same review process as other submissions.

Feature Articles
Short Communications
Cover Art

October 2015 Instructions to Authors pdf

July 2015 Checklist - Common Formatting Errors pdf

Submission: Submissions must be sent electronically in Microsoft Word format (not PDF) to the Managing Editor of the Journal of Arachnology:

Richard S. Vetter, Managing editor
Department of Entomology
University of California, Riverside
Riverside, CA USA 92521
E-mail: rick.vetter@ucr.edu

The entire manuscript should be submitted as one Word document. Figures, included in the Word document, should be at low resolution for the initial review.

The Managing Editor will acknowledge receipt of the manuscript, assign it a manuscript number and forward it to an Associate Editor for the review process. Correspondence relating to manuscripts should be directed to the Associate Editor and should include the manuscript number. If the manuscript is accepted, the author will be asked to submit the final copy electronically to the Associate Editor. Submission of final illustrations is detailed below. Authors are expected to return revisions promptly. Revised manuscripts that are not returned in a reasonable time period (no longer than six months for minor revisions and one year for major revisions) will be considered new submissions.

Voucher Specimens: Specimens of species used in your research should be deposited in a recognized scientific institution. All type material must be deposited in a recognized collection/institution.

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Feature Articles

Title page.—The title page includes the complete name, address, and e-mail address of the corresponding author; the title in sentence case; each author’s name and address; and the running head.

Running head.— This should be in all capital letters, not exceeding 60 characters and spaces, and placed at the top of the title page. It should be composed of the author's surnames and a short title. Examples: SMITH-SALTICIDS OF PANAMA; SMITH & CRUZ-SALTICIDS...; SMITH ET AL.-SALTICIDS...

Abstract.—Length: ≤ 250 words for Feature Articles; ≤ 150 words for Short Communications.

Keywords.—Give 3–5 appropriate keywords or phrases following the abstract. Keywords should not duplicate words in the title.

Text.—Double-space text, tables, legends, etc. throughout. Except for titles and headers, all text should be left-justified.  Add line numbers, continuous from the first page. Three levels of heads are used.

Use only the metric system unless quoting text or referencing collection data. If English measurements are used when referencing collection data, then metric equivalents should also be included parenthetically. All decimal fractions are indicated by a period (e.g., 20.123). Include geographic coordinates for collecting locales if possible, using one of the following formats: 0°129320S, 29°529170E or 0.2089°S, 29.8714°E.

Citation of references in the text: Cite only papers already published or in press. Include within parentheses the surname of the author followed by the date of publication. A comma separates multiple citations by the same author(s) and a semicolon separates citations by different authors, e.g., (Smith 1970), (Jones 1988; Smith 1993), (Smith & Jones 1986, 1987; Jones et al. 1989). Include a letter of permission from any person who is cited as providing unpublished data in the form of a personal communication.

Citation of taxa in the text: Include the complete taxonomic citation (author, year) for each arachnid taxon when it first appears in the abstract and text proper. For Araneae, this information can be found online at www.wsc.nmbe.ch. For example, Araneus diadematus Clerck, 1757. Citations for scorpions can be found in the Catalog of the Scorpions of the World (1758–1998) by V. Fet, W.D. Sissom, G. Lowe & M.E. Braunwalder. Citations for the smaller arachnid orders (pseudoscorpions, solifuges, whip scorpions, whip spiders, schizomids, ricinuleids and palpigrades) can be found at museum.wa.gov.au/catalogues-beta/. Citations for some species of Opiliones can be found in the Annotated Catalogue of the Laniatores of the New World (Arachnida,Opiliones) by A.B. Kury.

Literature Cited.—Use the following style and formatting exactly as illustrated; include the full unabbreviated journal title. Personal web pages should not be included in Literature Cited. These can be cited within the text as (John Doe, pers. website) without the URL. Institutional websites may be included in Literature Cited. If a citation includes more than six authors, list the first six and add "et al." to represent the others. Examples:

citation format

Footnotes.—Footnotes are permitted only on the first printed page to indicate current address or other information concerning the author. Tables and figures may not have footnotes.

Taxonomic articles.—Consult a recent taxonomic article in the Journal of Arachnology for style or contact a Subject Editor for Systematics. Papers containing original descriptions of focal arachnid taxa should be listed in the Literature Cited section.

Tables.—Each table, with the legend above, should be placed on a separate manuscript page. Only horizontal lines (no more than three) should be included. Tables may not have footnotes; instead, include all information in the legend.

Illustrations.—Original illustrations should be sent electronically as part of the Word document when the manuscript is submitted. Distribution maps should be considered figures and numbered consecutively with other figures. At the submission and review stages, the resolution standards should be low, while still allowing editors and reviewers to view figures effectively. Final illustrations must be submitted to the Editor-in-Chief, typically by e-mail or other electronic means, to ensure that the electronic versions meet publication standards. All figures should be 10–18 cm (4–7 inches) wide and no more than 23 cm (9 inches) high. The resolution should be at least 300 dpi (or ppi) for halftone or color figures and 1200 dpi for line drawings. A Guide to the Digital Art Specifications for Allen Press is available as a PDF online at: http://allenpress.com/system/files/pdfs/library/apmk_digital_art.pdf

At the discretion of the Editor-in-Chief, a figure can be rendered in color in the online version but in monochrome in the journal’s printed version, or in color in both versions if warranted by the figure's context and content. Most figures will be reduced to single-column width (9 cm, 3.5 inches), but large plates can be printed up to two-columns width (18 cm, 7 inches).

Address all questions concerning illustrations to the Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Arachnology:

Robert B. Suter, Editor-In-Chief, E-mail: suter@vassar.edu

Legends for illustrations should be placed together on the same page(s) and also with each illustration. Each plate must have only one legend, as indicated below:

Figures 1–4. A-us x-us, male from Timbuktu. 1, Left leg; 2, Right chelicera; 3, Dorsal aspect of genitalia; 4, Ventral aspect of abdomen. Scale = 1.0 mm.

The following alternate Figure numbering is also acceptable: Figures 1a–e. A-us x-us, male from Timbuktu. a. Left leg; b. Right chelicerae; c. Dorsal aspect of genitalia; d. Ventral aspect of abdomen. Scale = 1.0 mm.

Assemble manuscript.—The manuscript should appear in separate sections or pages in the following sequence: title page, abstract, text, tables with legends, figure legends,
figures. Send the entire manuscript, including figures, as one Microsoft Word document..  Note: please downsize the figures if the document is too large to conveniently send by e-mail.

Supplemental materials.—Authors may submit for online publication materials that importantly augment the contents of a manuscript. These may be audio files (e.g., .mp3, .m4a, .aif, .wav), video files (e.g., .mov, .m4v, .flv, .avi), or Word documents (e.g., .doc, .docx) for large tables of data. Consult with the Editor in Chief if you are considering submitting other kinds of files. Audio and video files should be carefully edited before submission to eliminate leaders, trailers, and other extraneous content. Individual files may not exceed 10MB; no more than five files may be included as supplemental materials for a manuscript.

Supplemental materials will be considered by reviewers and therefore must be included at the time of manuscript submission. Supplemental materials are published online at the discretion of the editors.

Page charges, proofs and reprints.—Page charges are voluntary, but non-members of AAS are strongly encouraged to pay in full or in part for their article ($75 / journal page). The author will be charged for excessive numbers of changes made in the proof pages. Hard copy or PDF reprints are available only from Allen Press and should be ordered when the author receives the proof pages. Allen Press will not accept reprint orders after the paper is published. The Journal of Arachnology also is available through www.bioone.org and www.jstor.org. Therefore, you can download the PDF version of your article from one of these sites if you or your institution is a member. PDFs of articles older than one year will be made freely available from the AAS website.

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Short Communications

Short Communications are usually limited to three journal pages, including tables and figures (11 or fewer double-spaced manuscript pages including Literature Cited; no more than 2 small figures or tables). Internal headings (METHODS, RESULTS, etc.) are omitted. Short communications must include an abstract and keywords.

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Cover Artwork

Authors are encouraged to send high quality color photographs to the editor-in-chief to be considered for use on the cover. Images should be at least 300 dpi.

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Editors and Editorial Board

Editor-in-Chief: Robert B. Suter
Department of Biology, Vassar College
124 Raymond Avenue, Poughkeepsie, NY 12604, USA
Email: suter@vassar.edu

Managing Editor: Richard S. Vetter
Department of Entomology
University of California, Riverside
Riverside, CA USA 92521
E-mail: rick.vetter@ucr.edu

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Associate/Subject Editors

Systematics (Araneae) Subject Editor: Michael Rix
Queensland Museum
Grey St. P.O. Box 3300

South Brisbane, Queensland 4101, AUSTRALIA

Systematics (non-Araneae) Subject Editor: Mark Harvey
Senior Curator, Department of Terrestrial Invertebrates, Western Australian Museum

Francis Street, Perth, Western Australia 6000, AUSTRALIA
E-mail: mark.harvey@museum.wa.gov.au

Morphology and Physiology Subject Editor : Peter Michalik
Zoologisches Institut und Museum, Greifswald
Johann Sebastian Bach St. 11/12
E-mail: michalik@uni-greifswald.de

Behavior Subject Editor: Elizabeth Jakob
Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts Amherst
Tobin Hall, Amherst, MA 01003
E-mail: ejakob@psych.umass.edu

Ecology Subject Editor: Stano Pekar
Institute of Botany and Zoology, Masaryk University
Kotlarska 2, 61137 Brno, Czech Republic
E-mail: pekar@sci.muni.cz

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Editorial Board

Alan Cady -- Miami University (Ohio)
Jonathan A. Coddington -- Smithsonian Institution
William Eberhard -- Universidad de Costa Rica
Rosemary Gillespie - University of California, Berkeley
Charles Griswold -- California Academy of Sciences
Marshal Hedin -- San Diego State University
Marie Herberstein - Macquarire University
Yael Lubin - Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
Brent Opell -- Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University
Ann L. Rypstra -- Miami University, Ohio
William A. Shear-- Hampden-Sydney College
Jeffrey Shultz - University of Maryland
Petra Sierwald -- Field Museum
Soren Toft - Aarhus University
I-Min Tso - Tunghai University (Taiwan)

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Undelivered and Back Issues

Contact for Undelivered Issues: Jeffrey W. Shultz
Department of Entomology
University of Maryland
College Park, MD 20742 USA
E-mail: jshultz@umd.edu

Contact for Back issues: Jim Carrel - download a pdf of presently available issues here
209 Tucker Hall
University of Missouri - Columbia
Columbia MO 65211 USA
E-mail: carrelj@missouri.edu back to top

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Immediate Web Access to Your Accepted JoA Articles

Once your article is accepted, you will have the opportunity to purchase immediate open access to it on the AAS website. This means that anyone will be able to download your article as a pdf from the AAS website as soon as it is published there (usually just before the paper issues are mailed). Normally, JoA articles are embargoed for a year. For a reasonable price, you can make your article more available and help the AAS defray costs the society pays for on-line publication..

For paying by personal check:

  1. Download a pdf of the payment form and send it to the AAS treasurer: Dr. Karen R. Cangialosi, AAS Treasurer, Department of Biology, Keene State College, Keene, NH, 03435-2001, USA.
  2. Please send an email to the AAS website administrator, Jan Weaver: weaverjc@missouri.edu, alerting her that you have chosen this option. Include first author's name and the title of the article.

For paying on-line:

  1. Use the on-line order option below to pay for immediate access.
  2. Please send an email to the AAS website administrator, Jan Weaver: weaverjc@missouri.edu, alerting her that you have chosen this option. Include first author's name and the title of the article.

Article Type


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Feature Article


Short Communication



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